At Lumley Infant and Nursery School, we place a strong emphasis on children developing a strong grounding of their understanding and knowledge of number to 10. This is essential so that all children develop the necessary building blocks to excel mathematically. Our aim is that all children are able to count confidently, develop a deep understanding of the numbers to 10, the relationships between them and the patterns within those numbers. In the Early Years Foundation Stage, mathematics is categorised into two main areas;
- Numerical Pattern
Although ‘Shape Space and Measures’ is now not an explicit assessed aspect of the new early years framework, 2021, this is something that is still explicitly taught in Nursery and Reception, to prepare children for future learning in Key Stage One and beyond.
Knowledge and Key Skills Progression Grids:
Children complete a focused mathematics activity, weekly in Nursery and daily in Reception. Adults provide frequent and varied opportunities to build and apply children’s knowledge and understanding of numbers to 10, the relationships between them and patterns within those numbers. The explicit use of practical resources and manipulatives, including small pebbles and tens frames for organising counting, ensures children will develop a secure base of knowledge and vocabulary from which mastery of mathematics is built. Children are given rich opportunities to develop their spacial reasoning skills across all areas of mathematics including shape, space and measures. Children are encouraged to ‘have a go’, investigate, talk to peers and adults about what they notice and to not be afraid to make mistakes. Classrooms are climates for learning where children develop positive attitudes and interests in mathematics. Classroom provision areas are carefully considered to ensure children are given a wealth of rich opportunities to use and apply their skills and knowledge within their independent play, across a range of mathematical concepts.
Staff use guidance from the National Centre for Excellence in the Teaching of Mathematics (NCETM), as well as schemes of learning from White Rose Maths to inform their planning.
By the end of Reception most children:
- Have a deep understanding of number to 10, including the composition of each number.
- Subitise (recognise quantities without counting) up to 5.
- Automatically recall (without reference to rhymes, counting or other aids) number bonds up to 5 (including subtraction facts) and some number bonds to 10, including double facts.
- Verbally count beyond 20, recognising the pattern of the counting system.
- Compare quantities up to 10 in different contexts, recognising when one quantity is greater than, less than or the same as the other quantity.
- Explore and represent patterns within numbers up to 10, including evens and odds, double facts and how quantities can be distributed equally.